Within the financial sector, the term “financial markets” is often used to refer just to the markets that are used to raise finance. For long term finance, the Capital markets; for short term finance, the Money markets. Another common use of the term is as a catchall for all the markets in the financial sector, as per examples in the breakdown below.
- Capital markets which consist of:
- Commodity markets, which facilitate the trading of commodities.
- Money markets, which provide short term debt financing and investment.
- Derivatives markets, which provide instruments for the management of financial risk.
- Futures markets, which provide standardized forward contracts for trading products at some future date; see also forward market.
- Foreign exchange markets, which facilitate the trading of foreign exchange.
- Cryptocurrency market which facilitate the trading of digital assets and financial technologies.
- Spot market
- Interbank lending market